Modern spoken theatre emerged in Vietnam in the context of intellectual and social upheaval in the 1920s and 1930s. Plays in this period focused on the status of women, the effects of Westernization and the emergence of Vietnamese nationalism. In Nam Xuong's 1930 play, Ong Tay An-nam, women became conduits through which men expressed their Westernized or nationalist identities.
Wilcox, Wynn Dr., "Women, Westernization and the Origins of Modern Vietnamese Theatre" (2006). History Faculty Papers. 3.