Castelnavia noveloi C. T. Philbrick & C. P. Bove is distinguished from other species of Castelnavia Tulasne & Weddell (Podostemaceae) based on the production of stems arising perpendicular from the leaf petiole (petiolar stems) and the flattened rachis of the pinnate leaves. The new species is only known from rio Taquarussu, east of the town of Taquarussu, Tocantins, Brazil.
Philbrick, Tom PhD and Bove, Claudio P., "A new species of Castelnavia (Podostemaceae) from Tocantins, Brazil" (2008). Department of Biology & Environmental Sciences Faculty Papers. 2.